Assisi, 18-20 october 2002

Final document

With the support of the Holy Father John Paul II
With the sponsorship of the Prime Minister's Office
With the sponsorship of the "Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio" (Ministry of Environment and Territorial Protection)
With the sponsorship of the "Ministero delle Attivita' Produttive"(Ministry of Production Activities)

A Historic Opportunity For Nuclear Conversion For Development Purposes

As a conclusion of the three-day study for peace held at Assisi from October 18 to October 20, 2002 in the Sacred Convent of Saint Francis, the International Summit for peace in the world indicates as final message the following points:

1. Disarmament And Development
Unlike conventional disarmament, nuclear disarmament offers the possibility of utilizing new resources to fight poverty and famine in the world. Thanks to the agreements on nuclear disarmament, the conversion of uranium already in progress is a historic opportunity for a substantial development program.

2. Secure Countries And Peace In The World
The conversion of weapons of mass destruction into new economic resources, starting from nuclear warheads currently being dismantled, would reduce the risk of apocalyptic disasters and create a new atmosphere for security and defense.

3. Nuclear Conversion
The energy obtainable from the uranium of the warheads (approximately 1,000 tons of HEU - Highly Enriched Uranium) is equal to the power consumption of the whole world's population in one year. The conversion activities already being performed with the available technologies, which allowed the conversion of the first 6000 nuclear warheads, must progress until all nuclear arsenals are eliminated.

4. The Economic Return On Peace
The economic return deriving from the conversion of uranium according to the current program is about US $ 20 billion, which could easily be doubled. There are other substantial economic advantages, which cannot be quantified at the moment, such as lower storage costs and lower proliferation risks.

5. Development In The World
The study performed by the experts would contribute to world development, allowing each country to interact consistently with the changes and the requirements of the environment - especially in a globalization era - through an extensive program against famine and poverty.

6. What Can Be Done
Ensuring that the economic return is actually allocated to development implies some pressure on governments to do so. It is necessary to act on the governments of the countries directly involved in the conversion of uranium so that the return is destined to development. It is also important to promote intergovernmental cooperation in this sense, since these governments will have to include the issue of the economic return deriving from nuclear conversion in their general political-economic policy. Finally, an International Agency should be set up for this purpose. The operational aspects are exhaustively reported in the document issued by the experts.

7. Italy's Initial Proposal For Development
The experience of economists, experts, and common people leads to the conclusion that the gap between the North and South of the world has kept growing instead of decreasing, in spite of 50 years of constant efforts to fight underdevelopment. We are considering a kind of support - mainly in the South of the world - based on development activities in the form of micro-projects, which have already proved to be more effective than major ones. This is testified by the micro-projects successfully carried out by the Missionaries, the NGO, and, recently, by some international organizations. More details can be found in the document issued by the Summit Experts Committee.

Prof. Giovanni Conso - Pres. Em. Corte Costituzionale

Padre Vincenzo Coli - Custode Sacro Convento

Ing. Giuseppe Rotunno - Presidente del Summit

Prof. Francesco Bistoni - Magnifico Rettore Università Perugia